Democratic Republic of Congo and north of Rwanda and Tanzania. It is in the heart of the Great Lakes and shares three of them, Lake Edward, Lake Albert and Lake Victoria. It is mostly plateau with a rim of mountains. The country’s’ climate is tropical and normally has two dry seasons (December to February and June to August).
Although Uganda is crossed by the equator, its climate is warm rather than hot. Most parts of the country receive rainfall throught the year. However, the north east is semi-arid.
During the time of early explorers, Uganda was named the Pearl of Africa. The Term – Uganda – the Pearl of Africa – was made more popular by Winston Churchill in his 1908 Book entitled “My African Journey” about his trip to Uganda in 1907.
Uganda tourism is mostly driven by wildlife, mountains, lakes, rivers and culture. This country has some of the most hospitable people in the region. The mountain gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest are the key tourist attraction. This forest is home to more than half of the world’s surviving mountain gorillas today. The rest can be found in Mgahinga Gorilla Park in South West and these often cross to Rwanda’s Volcanoes National Park.
Other key attractions include National Parks such as Queen Elizabeth, Murchison Falls, Kibale Forest, Mgahinga Gorilla Park, Lake Mburo N.p, Kidepo Valley National Park and so on. The country is home to the world’s longest river (River Nile) and the second largest lake (Lake Victoria).
Capital City – Kampala
Largest City – Kampala
Demonym – Ugandan
Government – Republic
President – Yoweri Museveni
Legislature – Parliament
Colonial Masters – United Kingdom
Independence Date – 9th October 1993
Area –Total 241,038 km2/93065 sq mi
Population (2014 cencus) 34634650
Population Density 137.1/km2
GDP Per Capita $2071
Currency Uganda Shillings(UGX)
Time Zone EAT(UTC+3)
Driving side left
Calling code - +256a
Internet TLD .ug
Tanzania is located in East Africa bordered by Uganda, Rwanda Kenya and Malawi. It hosts some of the most incredible tribal diversity in Africa. It embraces most of the major ethnic groups in Africa, you find them all in Tanzania. It hosts about 125 tribes which have smaller communities.
The Masai are the most known of all Tanzanian's tribes and live in the north of the country. Their major activity is pastoralism and therefore always migrate from place to place in search for better pasture and water for their animals.
In Tanzania, we mostly focus on the northern circuit, the coast and the Islands of Pemba and Zanzibar, these host the most attractions.
MOUNTAIN KILIMANJARO NATIONAL PARK
This is home to the great Kilimanjaro mountain, Africa’s highest peak. This park is basically visited for mountain hiking of the Kilimanjaro unlike others which are basically visited for wildlife viewing. Its highest point is Uhuru and is among the seven wonders of the world.
SERENGETI NATIONAL PARK
This is Tanzania’s largest National park, attracts most tourists to the country. It’s mostly visited between December and June due to its annual migration of thousands of animals such as zebras, wildebeest, antelopes, and so on.
NGORONGORO CONSERVATION AREA.
This is home to Ngorongoro crater one of Tanzania's leading attractions. It has a permanent supply of water making thousands of animals stay around without migrating. This area is visited not only for game viewing and bird watching but also for the famous Olduvai Gorge. This is an archeological site where the skulk of early man and bone fragments were discovered by Dr. Leakey. Ngorongoro crater is said to be the largest ancient caldera in the world and is approximately three million years old. Animals to be seen in the area include lions, buffaloes, rhinos, elephants, Thomson's gazelles and many more. Bird watching is best at lake Magadi famous for salt mining. It hosts thousands of flamingos.
TANGIRE NATIONAL PARK
This is mostly visited from July to September and this is when animals gather along the river. Here you can find migrations of thousands of animals including buffaloes, wildebeest, zebras, impalas, gazelles, and so on. It is also famous for baobab tress which dot the grassy land. It hosts over 300 bird species including falcons, herons, storks, buzzards, eagles etc.
SELOUS GAME RESERVE
This is the largest game reserve in Tanzania and covers 1/20 of its total land. Its southern part is prohibited due to being under developed and having many cliffs and densely forested. The reserve is mostly visited between July and October and is bisected by the river Rufigi forming the largest catchment area in East Africa. Wildlife found here includes cheetah, antelopes, giraffes, elephants, leopards, lions, warthogs, hippos and so on.
KATARI NATIONAL PARK.
This park is famous for enormous food plains. It is divided by river Katari and has many seasonal lakes. The lakes host many hippos and end up fighting when the water dries up. More animals to be seen here incudes, reedbucks, zebras, impalas, lions etc.
ARUSHA NATIONAL PARK
This is one of Tanzania's smallest National parks but hosts a number of animals including Black and white colobus monkeys, zebras, warthogs, buffaloes. It has a range of habitats that include a series of seven crater lakes, forest of Mount Meru, Ngudoto crater in its southern section.
This is the largest lake in Africa and is shared by Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. Tanzania takes the biggest share of the lake. The lake's famous ports in Tanzania are Bukoba, Musoma and Maanza which have grown into towns making many people earn a living. Activities on the lake are birdwatching, canoeing, and fishing.
LAKE MANYARA NATIONAL PARK
This park is famous for game drives,bike tours,canoeing and bird watching.Despite the fact that 2/3 of the park is covered by water,lake Manyara National park is home to thousands of flamingos and other animals.
This is the cultural heart of the town of Zanzibar and has almost not changed since 200 years ago. The Arabian homes are lining its narrow streets and winding alleys give the city a spectacular view. Most homes in Stone city were built in the 19th century when Zanzibar was the most important trading town of the Arabs in the Indian Ocean Visitors are surprised by the intrically curved wooden doors on most of the houses. A walk along Creek road takes the location of the central Darajan market, Anglican Cathedral and Beit-el-Amani.
Zanzibar and Pembe islands have a number of beaches and can be used for a number of activities including,snorkeling,diving,spice tours,surfing,bike tours and so on.These islands are said to have some of the best beaches in the world and are among the world's best relaxing areas.
Capital City. Dodoma
Largest City. Dar-es-salaam
Colonial masters. United Kingdom
Independence date(Tanganyika). 9,12,1961
Zanzibar and Pemba). 10,12,1963
Population(2012 cencus). 44928923
Population Density. 47.5/sqKm
GDP Per capita. $2591
Driving side. Left
Calling code. +255
Internet TLD. t.z
Kenya is an East African country populated by approximately 40 million inhabitants. With the Indian Ocean to its southeast, it is bordered by Tanzania to the South, Uganda to the West, South Sudan to the Northwest, Ethiopia to the North and Somalia to the Northeast. Kenya is divided into two climate zones. In the highlands situated higher than 1800 meters above sea level, a long rain period between April and June can be expected and short rainfalls will prevail from October to November. The nights in the highlands are fairly cold. Along the coast, temperatures are ranging between 22 and 32 degrees on the Celsius scale, the warmest months in Kenya are December through to April.
Capital City – Nairobi
Largest City – Nairobi
Demonym – Kenyan
Government – Republic
President – Uhuru Kenyata
Legislature – Parliament
Colonial Masters – Britain
Independence Date – 12 Dec 1963
Area –Total 581309km2/224445 sq mi.
Population (2015) 45,456,943
Population Density 80.4/km2
GDP Per Capita $1245.51
Currency Kenyan Shillings(KSH)
Time Zone EAT(UTC+3)
Driving side left
Calling code - +254a
Internet TLD .ke
Rwanda is a small landlocked country with an area of 26338 sq km or 10169 sq mi. It is also known as land of 1000 hills and many travelers have witnessed that its topography is more or less like that of Switzerland.
It is located in the south west of Uganda on the eastern rim of the Albertine rift. It is bordered by Burundi, Congo, Uganda and Tanzania.
Having undergone genocide in 1994, Rwanda’s Tourism sector has grown at a fast pace and therefore hosts a number of travelers from across the world. Rwanda has a lot to offer when it comes to wildlife.
Rwanda shares the volcanoes with Uganda and Congo and these are home to a number of the word's surviving mountain gorillas. Come and trek the mountain gorillas in Rwanda's Parc De Volcanoes/ Volcanoes National park. Its rain forests of Nyungwe are home to a number of primates which include the chimpanzee, Blue, white- and red-tailed monkeys, patas monkeys, golden monkeys and so on.
Have a game drive in Akagera National park to see a number of savannah animals including elephants, lions, buffaloes, warthogs, and many more.
Capital city. Kigali
Official languages. Kinyarwanda, French, and English.
Current president. Paul Kagame
Current Prime minister. Anastase Murekerzi
Currency. Rwandan Franc(RWF)
Driving side. Right
Calling code. +250
Independence date. July,01,1962
Colonial masters. Belgium
Total area. 26338sqKm or 10169sqmi.
% of water. 5.3
Population (2002 census). 8162715
Population Density. 401.4/sqKm
GDP per capita. $520
Time zone. CAT(UTC+2)